Electricity Terms

Electricity Terms

  • Competitive Power Suppliers: Companies that sell power–also called electricity providers–power generators or energy marketers. Your power is delivered by the local electric utility/distribution company (DISCO).
  • DPU (Department of Public Utilities): A state agency/department that regulates electric utilities and competitive power supply sales.
  • Distribution Company: The company that delivers power to your home or business, also known as your local electric utility/distribution company. (DISCO)
  • FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission): The federal agency that regulates interstate energy transmission, sales, etc.
  • Generation: The process of changing other forms of energy into electricity, incliding fossil fuels, nuclear or renewable energy.
  • Kilowatt-Hour (kWh): The standard unit that is used to measure electricity. For example, ten 100-watt light bulbs used for 1 hour consume one kilowatt-hour (1,000 watt-hours) of electricity. The total number of kilowatt-hours on your bill is determined by your electricity use. An average residential customer uses approximately 500kWh per month.
  • Power Sources: The different types of fuels that can be used to produce electricity: nuclear, fossil fuels (oil, coal, and natural gas) and renewable energy resources.
  • PUC (Public Utility Commission): The state agency that regulates electric utilities and competitive power supply sales.
  • Renewable Power/Energy Sources: Power that is produced with environmentally-clean power sources such as solar, wind, and hydro.
  • Restructuring/Deregulation: Opening a market, whose prices and practices were formerly fully regulated by government, to competition.
  • Transmission: The process of electricity being delivered from a generator to a local electric utility/distribution company (DISCO) over high-voltage power lines.